Regions Rug Education
Agra: A city on the banks of the Yamuna River in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Most famous in Western culture for being the location of the Taj Mahal. Agra was the seat of the Mughal Empire from 1526 to 1658, when it became a major center of carpet production. The Persians first introduced Indian weavers to rug-making, hence designs in these rugs will show the influence of classical Persian floral patterns. Motifs include the boteh (pear), pineapples, and modified cone shapes. Prison weaving took place in Agra and rugs woven in this setting were green or blue with cream while newer rugs include purple and brown shades. Shops selling rugs and carpets in Agra are mainly found near the commerce district surrounding the Taj Mahal. Many weavers who sell handwoven rugs today are direct descendants of the weavers who used to weave for the Mughal emperors. These rugs tend to be thick, of good wool, primarily using natural dyes, and antique and semi-antique rugs from 1900-1930 may be difficult to find. Sizes are 9' x 12' and larger. Today rug-making in Agra is a strong and thriving industry.